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A3. Value of biodiversity integrated into decision making

Indicator previously under development: no plans for further development.

This indicator was not updated in 2023. It was last updated in 2019. 


The integration of biodiversity into mainstream social and economic processes should allow us to continue to enjoy the benefits of biodiversity that we currently achieve. However, this is a difficult concept to measure, and it has not been possible to develop an indicator. There are no plans for further development.

Key results

No change from the previous publication and there are no plans for further development of this indicator.

Following the adoption of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 2010, the UK biodiversity indicators were reviewed, and a programme of work was put in place to develop and refine the indicator set for future reporting to the CBD. In the review, a small number of gaps were identified where there were no current indicators for particular CBD goals and targets. One such gap related to indicators for reporting on how the value of biodiversity has been integrated into public and business decision making.


Progress to date

Aichi Target 2 is focussed on mainstreaming biodiversity into national- and local-level decision making processes. Indicator A3 could focus on a number of areas, including the extent of schemes involving payments for ecosystem services, and progress in developing ecosystem accounts within the national accounting framework.



Integrating the value of biodiversity use as part of mainstream decision making is important to allow us to continue to enjoy the benefits from biodiversity that we currently achieve. Potential means of measuring this will be dependent on a number of factors, including the extent to which systems of payments for ecosystem services are implemented, and developments in the incorporation of biodiversity values and other forms of natural capital into national accounting systems.


Goals and Targets

The UK and England Biodiversity Indicators are currently being assessed alongside the Environment Improvement Plan Targets, and the new Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework Targets, when this work has been completed the references to Biodiversity 2020 and the Aichi Global Biodiversity Framework Targets will be updated.

Aichi Targets for which this is a primary indicator

Strategic Goal A. Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society.

Aichi Target 2 icon

Target 2: By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.

Aichi Target 4 icon

Target 4: By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.

Aichi Targets for which this is a relevant indicator

Strategic Goal A. Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society.

Aichi Target 3 icon

Target 3: By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other relevant international obligations, taking into account national socio economic conditions.


Last updated: September 2019

Latest data: N/A


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UK Biodiversity Indicators 2023

Published: .

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