JNCC's Chair and CEO have issued a statement in response to the adoption of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework at the Fifteenth meeting of the Conference of Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP15), welcoming the new Framework and its commitments.
JNCC Statement on the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework
Nature is humanity’s life support system and supports all life on Earth. The Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC), the UK’s statutory scientific advisor on nature, welcomes the newly adopted Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework at the Convention on Biological Diversity Conference of the Parties 15 (CBD COP15).
This represents an historic moment – our opportunity to bend the curve on global biodiversity loss. The Framework includes:
- effective conservation and management of at least 30% of the world’s lands, inland waters, coastal areas and the ocean;
- have restoration completed or underway on at least 30% of degraded terrestrial, inland waters, coastal and marine ecosystems;
- reduce to near zero the loss of areas of high biodiversity importance, including ecosystems of high ecological integrity;
- reduce by half both excess nutrients and the overall risk posed by pesticides and highly hazardous chemicals;
- prevent the introduction of priority invasive alien species and reduce by at least half the introduction and establishment of other known or potential invasive alien species and eradicate or control invasive alien species on islands and other priority sites; and
- cut global food waste in half and significantly reduce over consumption and waste generation.
These commitments are underpinned by new finance for nature, which includes:
- mobilise by 2030 at least $200 billion/year in domestic and international biodiversity-related funding from all sources;
- raise international finance flows from developed to developing countries, in particular least developing countries, small island developing states, and countries with economies in transition, to at least US $20 billion per year by 2025 and to at least US $30 billion per year by 2030;
- progressively phase out or reform by 2030 subsidies that harm biodiversity by at least $500 billion per year;
- require large and transnational companies and financial institutions to monitor, assess and transparently disclose their risks, dependencies and impacts on biodiversity through their operations, supply and value chains and portfolios.
We are also proud to announce that our Global Environmental Impacts of Consumption Indicator has been included as a component indicator and the Management Effectiveness of Protected and Conserved Areas (MEPCA) as a complementary indicator as part of the vital Monitoring Framework that will be used to monitor progress in the implementation of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework.
Congratulations to the UK team, led by Defra, with scientific advice from JNCC, as well as all the Parties and Observers at CBD COP15 – an outstanding collaborative effort both for nature and for humanity’s prosperity and wellbeing. We particularly thank JNCC’s Dr Vin Fleming OBE, for his world-class contributions to CBD over the years, and Willow Outhwaite, both of whom were part of the UK’s core negotiation team.
The challenge now is to turn words into tangible results. JNCC will work with the country nature conservation bodies across the UK to help implement the Framework in the UK, UK Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies and internationally and to continue our mission to turn science into action for nature conservation and recovery.
Dr Gemma Harper OBE FAcSS, Chief Executive
Professor Colin Galbraith FRSE, Chair