Environmental pollution is one of the most serious global challenges that affects the natural environment and human health worldwide.
The Reducing Pollution Through Partnership programme is a UK Official Development Assistance (ODA) pollution programme, currently in the scoping year (2021–2022). The project is funded by the UK’s Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) and delivered by JNCC.
Pollution disproportionately affects the most vulnerable groups. Around 99% of the 3 million people poisoned by pesticides annually and 90% of the 7 million annual air pollution-related deaths are in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs).
Key causes of pollution in developing countries include the growth of cities, rising demands for energy, increasing mining and smelting, the global spread of toxic chemicals, and the use of pesticides in agriculture. In some developing countries, the effects of these drivers of pollution are often magnified by a lack of pollution literacy, infrastructure and monitoring data.
The Reducing Pollution Through Partnership programme seeks to share expertise and best practice, investing in research to strengthen the capacity of LMICs to reduce exposure to the adverse effects of pollution. Reducing the impacts of pollution will help to improve human health, whilst assisting in reversing biodiversity loss and therefore, supporting greater ecosystem resilience in the face of climate change.
Our priority is to work with pollution experts and stakeholders in a pilot set of countries to develop an evidence base on the specific pollution challenges experienced by LMICs within their environmental and social context, and to support identification of priority issues and countries.
We are working with six pilot countries: Angola, Indonesia, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Vietnam.
JNCC has developed a tool to promote engagement of pilot countries with the project. The pollution Global Analysis tool was created using species data and pollution threat categories from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List Assessment.
Heatmaps were produced by overlaying ranges of species (area in which species occur) assessed as Threatened or Near Threatened by pollution. Depth of colour signals where multiple species are impacted and the darker 'hotspot' areas can help inform where to focus efforts to reduce pollution.
The map is an example of a heatmap from the Global Analysis of pollution.
The next step involves working with partners in pilot countries to validate the results of the pollution analysis for their country and discuss improvements. This information will help plan possible actions for the future wider pollution programme.
Future work will include incorporating feedback from pilot country workshops into the design of the wider programme.
Any suggestions for improvement and/or challenges will be taken into consideration for future development of the wider pollution programme.
We will also be piloting capacity building actions on the ground to test our approach and support evidence projects needed to further increase our understanding of the impacts of pollution on the pilot countries.
- Develop an evidence base on the specific pollution challenges experienced by LMICs within their environmental and social context, and to support identification of priority issues and countries;
- Establish networks in pilot countries to deliver pollution reduction activities;
- Provide support to institutions to (a) strengthen the global evidence base on pollution and (b) improve LMICs ability to develop policy and regulatory frameworks; and
- Develop effective governance to support future phases of the programme, enabling us to showcase UK expertise.
Outputs, to be delivered by April 2022, include:
- Workshop reports summarising results and conclusions from the pilot country workshops. The reports will also collate feedback and lessons learned which can be used to inform the wider programme;
- Evidence reports consisting of a literature review and information about pollution for each country;
- Capacity-building activities to tackle some of the country needs;
- Field activities aimed at creating awareness about pollution; and
- Additional evidence projects led by Defra and JNCC:
- Desk review of country national priorities and barriers to action on pollution;
- Report identifying cross-compartmental (land, freshwater, marine, air, products, waste and living organism) pollutants in developing countries;
- Expansion of JNCC’s International Climate Finance (ICF) database of Nature-based solutions (NbS) case studies to include pollution threats.
JNCC has developed six workshop information packages, one for each pilot country, to support the validation of the results from the global analysis and aid discussions of pollution in each country.
The information packages included videos to introduce the project and describe the global analysis methods and results. These are available to view via JNCC's YouTube channel:
Each pilot country also received a report and a video describing the results from the global analysis specific to that country. These are available upon request.
To learn more about this project please contact us.