Quinquennial Review of Species
Every five years, the country nature conservation bodies in Great Britain (Natural England, Natural Resources Wales, and Scottish Natural Heritage), working through JNCC, are required to review Schedules 5 and 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. In a process called the Quinquennial Review (QQR), the inter-agency group makes recommendations to The Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) and the devolved administrations in Great Britain for changes to the schedules.
A list of the species in these schedules is available in JNCC's spreadsheet of conservation designations.
The review is a collaborative process which identifies persecution of, or reckless damage to, a species at risk, and the benefits gained from subsequent listing under the Regulations. Schedule 5 lists animals (other than birds) which are specially protected, and Schedule 8 lists plants (vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens and fungi) which are specially protected.
To date, there have been six reviews. The seventh QQR will be carried out in 2020, although timings are being affected by Covid-19. An inter-agency working group has started planning the review.
QQRs 1 to 6
The 6th QQR
Recommendations from the sixth QQR were submitted to Defra, the Welsh Government and the Scottish Government in April 2014. The sixth QQR has been laid before the House of Commons and House of Lords.
The 5th QQR
Recommendations from the fifth Quinquennial Review were approved by JNCC's Joint Committee and the advice was submitted to the Secretary of State for the Environment in December 2008, and copied to ministers in the devolved administrations.
The response to the fifth QQR by Defra and the Welsh Government is provided in the Government Response to 5th QQR.
The 4th QQR
Recommendations from the fourth Quinquennial Review were submitted by JNCC to Defra and Ministers in Scottish Government and Welsh Government in 2002.
This was the first review that needed to be submitted to ministers in the devolved administrations, following devolution of the UK in 1998.
The 3rd QQR
Recommendations from the third Quinquennial Review were submitted by JNCC to the Secretary of State for the Environment in 1996.
The 2nd QQR
Recommendations from the second Quinquennial Review were submitted by JNCC to the Secretary of State for the Environment in 1991.
The 1st QQR
Recommendations from the first Quinquennial Review were submitted by the Nature Conservancy Council (NCC) [now JNCC] to the Secretary of State for the Environment in 1986.