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South Dorset MPA

JNCC and Natural England have jointly prepared draft conservation advice for South Dorset MCZ. Further information is available in the Conservation Advice section below.

Status: Marine Conservation Zone (MCZ)

South Dorset MCZ is a joint inshore and offshore site, 30–60 m deep, located approximately 17.5 km south of St Albans Head. Natural England and JNCC are responsible for advising on the site’s protected features within and outside the 12 nm limit boundary respectively.

Site

Located approximately 17.5 km south of St Albans Head South Dorset MCZ is a joint inshore and offshore site, 30–60 m deep, and therefore Natural England and JNCC are responsible for advising on the site’s protected features within and outside the 12 nm limit boundary respectively.

South Dorset MCZ protects four seabed habitats: Moderate energy circalittoral rock, High energy circalittoral rock, Subtidal coarse sediment and Subtidal chalk. The MCZ is important as it protects exposed outcrops of subtidal chalk in relatively deep water (over 50 m) despite this habitat usually found in shallower water (5–20 m) on the south-east and eastern coasts of the UK.

More detailed site information can be found in the Summary section below.

Map displaying the South Dorset MPA boundary and associated protected feature data. Visit JNCC's MPA Mapper to further view and explore data for this MPA.

 

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Legislation

Legislation behind the designation: Marine and Coastal Access Act (2009)

 

Protected features

 EUNIS code: Feature Feature type
A4.2: Moderate energy circalittoral rock Broad-scale habitat
A4.3 High energy circalittoral rock Broad-scale habitat
A5.1 Subtidal coarse sediment Broad-scale habitat
Subtidal chalk Habitat feature of conservation importance

Specific information on the conservation objectives relating to this site is provided in the Conservation Advice section.

The acquisition of new data may result in updates to our knowledge on feature presence and extent within this site. The most up-to-date information is reflected on the map at the top of the page and in JNCC's MPA mapperwith the evidence underpinning available within the Evidence section.

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Site Timeline

The diagram below is a summary of the key milestones involved in the selection and designation of South Dorset MCZ.  More information on the sites key milestones can be found within the Relevant Documentation and in JNCC's advice on offshore marine conservation zones considered for consultation in 2015.

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Relevant Documentation

The documents referred to below and any other historical documents relating to South Dorset MCZ were produced during the selection and designation process and therefore may be out of date. This Site Information Centre is the most up-to-date source of information for South Dorset MCZ, and will reflect any additional information gathered since these documents were produced. Further information about the MCZ site selection process and historic MCZ advice is available on JNCC's MCZ webpages.

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Summary

Last updated: April 2018

This site summary was adapted from the MCZ Site Report and incorporates any information gathered since this document was produced. Please refer to the report for further details and information sources.

Site overview

South Dorset MCZ is located approximately 17.5 km south of St Alban’s Head. The site lies approximately 4 km to the west of the Wight-Barfleur Reef SAC, and 5 km south of Studland to Portland SAC. The seabed in the MCZ is characterised by circalittoral rock with overlaying deposits of subtidal coarse sediment of varying depth. The eastern half of the site has longitudinal furrows of alternating cobbles and gravel, oriented in the direction of the tide. Bryozoans such as the sea mat (Electra pilosa) and hornwrack (Flustra foliacea), sea squirts such as orange sea grapes (Stolonica socialis) and the baked bean ascidian (Dendrodoa grossularia), and encrusting sponges dominate rocky areas within the site. Crustaceans such as the long-clawed porcelain crab (Pisidia longicornis) and common spider crab (Maja brachydactyla) hide in the crevices and cobbles in furrows. In addition, the great scallop (Pecten maximus), common sunstar (Crossaster papposus) and goose foot starfish (Anseropoda placenta) can be found in areas of subtidal coarse sediment, and the small-spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula) has also been found at the site.  

The site currently has four designated features: moderate energy circalittoral rock, high energy circalittoral rocksubtidal coarse sediment and subtidal chalk. Subtidal chalk is typically found on south-eastern and eastern coasts of the UK, but this site protects the only known example of this habitat in deeper water and beyond the 12 nautical miles boundary limit.

South Dorset MCZ was originally recommended by the Finding Sanctuary regional project in 2011 to help meet the broad-scale habitat targets set and due to the occurrence of subtidal chalk within the site. South Dorset MCZ was designated in 2013 for subtidal coarse sediment and subtidal chalk. Since the site was recommended, further data analysis and an additional site survey in 2013 confirmed the presence of moderate energy circalittoral rock and subtidal chalk within the site. A new modelled habitat map based on the 2013 site survey data was also produced that revised the extent of subtidal mixed sediments and subtidal coarse sediment within the site.

A further survey was carried out by Natural England in 2015, identifying the presence of high energy circalittoral rock within the MCZ. This feature was recommended as an additional protected feature for the site in Tranche Three. The details of this recommendation, and data from the survey and reports produced will be available in due course. Further detail on the evidence for this MCZ can be found in the Evidence section.

Site location: Co-ordinates for this MCZ can be found in the designation order in the Relevant Documentation section.

Site area: 193 km2, approximately one-third of the size of the New Forest (571 km2).

Site depth range: 35 m–59 m.

Charting Progress 2 biogeographic region: Eastern Channel.

Site boundary description: The site is a simple polygon with boundary lines running north to south and east to west in line with the MCZ project Ecological Network Guidance. The boundary of South Dorset MCZ was developed by the Finding Sanctuary regional project and has not changed since it was recommended in 2011. The site boundary was guided by information on renewable energy companies and the round 3 wind-farm licensing area and intersects the 12 nm territorial limit boundary line.

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Evidence

Last updated: April 2018

A full overview of the data used to support site identification and information on confidence in feature presence and extent is available in Natural England's 2013 Tranche One post-consultation advice and their 2015 Tranche Two post-consultation advice for proposed features for designation.

Some of the data for this MCZ have been collected through JNCC-funded or collaborative surveys, with other data obtained through other data sourcing. The data gathered provide direct evidence confirming the presence of the protected features within the site. Additional survey data will be added to JNCC's MPA mapper in due course.

 

Survey and data gathering

  • South Dorset MCZ Baseline Monitoring Survey (2015) – Cefas-led survey that aimed to establish monitoring sample stations for the site and collect further data to determine the extent of subtidal chalk in the site. Video, images, acoustic data and grab samples were collected across the site. Reporting is underway and will be made available in due course.
  • South Dorset MCZ Survey (2013) – JNCC and Natural England collaborated with Cefas on two MCZ site verification surveys to South Dorset MCZ, funded through the MB0120 Defra data collection project. Video, images, acoustic data and grab samples were collected across the site.

 

Data analysis reports

  • South Dorset MCZ MB0120 site report (2014) – Cefas undertook analysis of the data collected on the South Dorset MCZ survey (2013).  The data, analysed as part of the MB0120 Defra contract, led to the creation of a revised habitat map that has been used to inform the presence of broad-scale habitats within the MCZ.

 

Additional relevant literature

References for further supporting scientific literature consulted during the identification of this site can be found in Natural England's 2013 post-consultation advice2015 pre-consultation adviceand 2016 post-consultation advice.  Please be aware that although these sources contain information in relation to this MPA, they do not necessarily represent the views of JNCC.

 

Knowledge gaps

If you are aware of any additional data not listed here or scientific papers relevant to this site, please contact us.

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Conservation Advice

Last updated: April 2018

JNCC and Natural England have published draft conservation advice for South Dorset MCZ. This draft advice is available through Natural England’s Designated Sites System for South Dorset MCZ.

The draft advice reflects the most up-to-date evidence held by Natural England and JNCC. The draft conservation advice should be taken into consideration to assess the effects which a planned activity can have on the site’s integrity and when making decisions regarding management and consenting of marine activities in or near the site. Following a period to comment the draft advice will be reviewed and prepared formal conservation advice for this site, replacing any previous formal statutory conservation advice.

For more information on JNCC’s approach to conservation advice please see our 'Conserving MPAs' webpage. Information can also be found on Natural England’s website.

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Activities and Management

Last updated: November 2018

Management status: Progressing towards being well managed

The vulnerability assessment conducted for this site suggests the Moderate energy circalittoral rock and Subtidal chalk features are unlikely to be moving towards their conservation objectives, while the Subtidal coarse sediment feature may be achieving or moving towards its conservation objective. Directed site condition monitoring is needed to improve our confidence in this assessment. Progress is ongoing with regards to the recommendation of a fisheries management proposal to the European Commission.

This site forms part of the UK's contribution to the OSPAR Commission’s network of MPAs. As the UK is a contracting party to the OSPAR Commission, JNCC is committed to ensuring that the OSPAR MPA network is 'well-managed' by 2020.

JNCC considers 'well-managed' to mean the timely progress of an MPA around the 'MPA management cycle'. This involves:

  1. The documentation of appropriate management information – conservation objectives, advice on activities capable of affecting the protected features of a site, and spatial information on the presence and extent of the protected features of a site.
  2. The implementation of management measures – management actions considered necessary to achieve the conservation objectives of a site.
  3. Site condition monitoring programmes – collecting the information necessary to determine progress towards a site's conservation objectives.
  4. Assessment of progress towards conservation objectives – using available information to infer whether or not a site is moving towards or has achieved its conservation objectives.

The sub-sections that follow provide an account of the progress of South Dorset MCZ around each of these four stages in the MPA management cycle.

 

1. The documentation of appropriate management information

  • The conservation objectives and advice on activities capable of affecting the conservation status of the protected feature of this site are available in the Conservation Advice section. Further information is available on our 'Conserving MPAs' webpage.
  • Spatial information on the presence and extent of the protected feature of this MPA is available via JNCC's MPA mapper.
  • JNCC is in the process of developing downloadable MPA data packages where appropriate permissions to share datasets are in place.

 

2. The implementation of management measures

This section details progress towards the implementation of management measures for activities considered capable of affecting the conservation status of the protected features of the site. The protected features of the site are considered to be sensitive to pressures associated with fishing and 'licensable' activities.

Fisheries

  • Vessel monitoring data indicate that towing of mobile demersal gear and some pelagic trawling also occur within the MCZ.
  • In the 6–12 nautical mile (nm) portion of the site, the Marine Management Organisation (MMO) can introduce measures (e.g. bylaws) to manage fishing activity where appropriate. Such measures would be developed following individual site assessments and subsequent stakeholder engagement. Where other Member States (OMS) have historic fishing access rights (in this case the French fleet), any management proposals would need to follow processes laid out in Article 18 of the revised EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP).
  • MMO is the lead authority regarding the implementation of, and compliance with, any measures to managing fishing activity beyond 12 nautical miles. Further information on progress is available on the Marine Management Organisation's webpages

Licensable activities

  • Whilst licensable activities such as oil and gas exploration and production do not take place within this MPA, any future proposals would be managed in accordance with the clauses set out under Section 127 of The Marine & Coastal Access Act (2009). Under this clause, JNCC has a statutory responsibility to advise the regulator on developments that are capable of affecting (other than insignificantly) the protected features of the MPA and that may hinder the achievement of the sites conservation objectives. JNCC considers that the existing marine licensing process is sufficient to ensure the management of licensable activities taking place, or that could take place in the future, on the protected features of this MPA.
  • For further information, please see the MMO's guidance on marine conservation zones and marine licensing.
  • Further information on JNCC's role in the provision of advice for licensed activities in the UK offshore area is available on JNCC's offshore industry advice webpages

Shipping

  • The site is located between shipping lanes and is subject to a relatively low level of shipping. Under international law, ships have a right of passage, including through MPAs (unless management specifies the restriction of ship transiting through an International Maritime Organisation measure). The pressures associated with shipping activity within South Dorset MCZ are not considered likely to impact the protected features of the site.

Ministry of Defence activity

  • The site is within a Ministry of Defence (MOD) exercise area. The MOD has incorporated all designated MPAs into their Environmental Protection Guidelines (Maritime) and wider Marine Environmental and Sustainability Assessment Tool. These guidelines are used to manage MOD activity to minimise the associated risks to the environment.

Recreational activity

  • A Royal Yachting Association (RYA) cruising route crosses the eastern part of the site. Recreational use data indicates the site could also be subject to recreational boat-based sea angling and scuba diving.

Wrecks

  • Seven wrecks have been recorded by the UK Hydrographic Office within the site. 

 

3. Site condition monitoring

A baseline condition monitoring survey took place in 2015 to establish monitoring stations for the site. Video, images, acoustic data and grab samples were collected across the site. Reporting is underway and will be made available in the Monitoring section in due course.

 

4. Assessment of progress towards conservation objectives

No long-term condition monitoring data is available to determine whether the MPA is moving towards or has reached its conservation objectives. The vulnerability assessment conducted for this site suggests the Moderate energy circalittoral rock and Subtidal chalk features are unlikely to be moving towards their conservation objectives, while the Subtidal coarse sediment feature may be achieving or moving towards its conservation objective. Directed site condition monitoring is needed to improve our confidence in this assessment. Further information will be provided in the Assessment section as it becomes available. Progress is ongoing with regards to the recommendation of a fisheries management proposal to the European Commission.

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Monitoring

Last updated: April 2018

JNCC is currently leading on the development of a strategy for biodiversity monitoring across all UK waters, to include MPA monitoring. For MPAs, data and evidence collected from monitoring activities will aim to:

  • enable assessment of condition of the features within sites;
  • enable assessment of the degree to which management measures are effective in achieving the conservation objectives for the protected features;
  • support the identification of priorities for future protection and/or management; and
  • enable the government to fulfil its national and international assessment and reporting commitments in relation to MPAs and help identify where further action may be required.

Information on monitoring of South Dorset MCZ will be provided when it becomes available.

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Assessment

Last updated: April 2018

Assessments of the condition of designated features in offshore MPAs are required to report against our legal obligations. Ideally these assessments should be based on observed data, and then measured against targets for pre-defined indicators. However, for MPAs in offshore waters we do not always have the appropriate information to be able to do so. This is particularly true for seabed habitats, which are the main type of feature designated for protection in offshore MPAs. 

To address these challenges, JNCC has been an active partner in the development of new approaches and tools for the assessment of habitats and species for a variety of national and international status reports.

 

Conservation Assessment Reports

Under Section 124 of the UK Marine & Coastal Access Act (2009), JNCC is required to report to Ministers every six years on the degree to which the conservation objectives of the protected features of Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) have been achieved. Every six years from 2012, the Marine Act requires a report setting out how MCZs have performed against their conservation objectives, as well as the effectiveness of the network as a whole.

To date, three reports have been published, each setting out progress being made in implementing a Marine Protected Area network, covering the following areas: 

Outputs of assessments that feed into Marine Act reporting also feed into reporting under other obligations.

 

UK State of the Seas Reports & UK Marine Strategy Part 1

Charting Progress 2 (CP2) published in 2010, is a comprehensive report on the state of the UK seas. It was published by the UK Marine Monitoring and Assessment Strategy (UKMMAS) community which has over 40 member organisations. The report was based on a robust, peer-reviewed evidence base and describes progress made since the publication of Charting Progress in 2005. It provides key findings from UK marine research and monitoring for use by policy makers and others, as we move towards the UK vision of clean, healthy, safe, productive and biologically diverse oceans and seas. The results from CP2 were incorporated into the UK Marine Strategy Part 1: UK Initial Assessment and Good Environmental Status published in 2012 under the UK Marine Strategy Regulations (2010). The UK Marine Strategy Part 1 (2012) also set out the UK’s definition for Good Environmental Status, which could be achieved by meeting a series of environmental targets. JNCC worked with other organisations in the UKMMAS community to develop a series of indicators that were used to assess progress against each of the targets and to report on progress made since 2012. The results of these assessments have been published in the UK Marine Strategy Part 1: UK Updated Assessment and Good Environmental Status in 2019. Detailed evidence used to make these assessments is available via the Marine Online Assessment Tool (MOAT). It also sets out proposals for updated high-level objectives, targets and operational targets to be used for 2018 to 2024, which build on those set in 2012.

It is worth noting the two other parts of the UK Marine Strategy: UK Marine Strategy Part Two: marine monitoring programmes, published in 2014 and UK Marine Strategy Part Three: programme of measures published in 2015. Updates to these will be made in 2020 and 2021 respectively.

 

OSPAR Quality Status Reports

Many of the assessments in the updated UK Marine Strategy Part 1 2019 were developed and produced in collaboration with other contracting Parties of the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the North East Atlantic. In 2017 OSPAR Published its Intermediate Assessment (IA2017). The IA 2017 further develops OSPAR’s understanding of the marine environment of the North-East Atlantic and its current status. It demonstrates OSPAR’s progress towards realising its vision of a clean, healthy and biologically diverse North-East Atlantic, used sustainably. IA2017 follows on from OSPAR’s previous holistic assessment, the OSPAR Quality Status Report in 2010 (QSR2010) and in 2000 (QSR2000).

 

JNCC continues to develop and pilot tools for the assessment of marine habitats and species in offshore waters to improve the quality and transparency of our offshore MPA assessments, and contribute to the monitoring of marine biodiversity in UK waters. These tools cover methods for producing interim assessments of site features and their responses to pressures, as well as developing more robust indicators for determining condition of the features.

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